Designed to allow clinicians to capture and display digital images from inside a patient’s mouth, intraoral cameras are a valuable tool for patient education and case documentation. Shaped like a small wand, many dental intraoral cameras are highly portable and easily connect to a computer wirelessly, via USB or via a docking station. Most commonly equipped with LEDs, these digital cameras can capture images without the need for external lighting. Patients do not always accept treatment they cannot understand, but an intraoral camera allows them to see what you see. A problem such as a fractured tooth can be easier to spot and impossible to ignore when it is magnified on a computer monitor or TV screen. While designed for intraoral imaging, some cameras also can capture extra-oral full face images for patient records.
Some of the advantages of the digital radio-visiography
What are Rotary endodontic instruments?
Instruments which are used within the root canals and follow the dynamics of rotational motion are rotary endodontic instruments.
Why are Rotary endodontic instruments required?
Rotary shaping instruments are replacing the conventional hand file systems to enhance shaping ability of the canal, reduce clinical mishaps like blocks, ledges, transportation and perforation.
When the clinician masters the method of use products of rotary shaping instruments, unpredictable file breakage, metal fatigue, loss of cutting efficiency, variation in length, diameter and curvature of the canal can be avoided and better shaping of the canals with desired taper will be achieved.
Washing and cleaning of instruments are done by hand scrub method using detergent solution
All the instruments are cold sterilized by soaking them for one hour in a disinfectant solution, Aldasen 2000 [which removes bacteria including tuberculous bacillus, fungi and viruses including Hep B, AIDS/HIV Viruses].
Ultrasonic cleaning is efficient in the removal of dried whole blood, saliva, serum, bacterial plaque as well as dental cements from instrument’s surface. It works on the principle of cavitation, which has the ability to reach the tiniest crevice. This is especially important with difficult to clean items such as burs (dental drills used for removing caries) and serrated instruments.
The instruments are then segregated according to their usage and packed in disposable pouches. These pouches are colour coded, which upon complete sterilization will change its colour.
All the package instruments are steam sterilized for 15min, at 121°C at 15 psi steam pressure. It acts by denaturation and coagulation of enzymes and proteins, which kills microorganisms more rapidly. When the instruments are completely sterilized, the packages change colour [Blue to Brown and Red to Yellow] Periodic monitoring of the autoclave is been carried out to check its efficiency. This is the American Dental Association’s currently recommended method.
The autoclaved instruments [completely sterilized instruments] are stored in a HOT AIR OVEN to prevent re-contamination until further use.
In our clinic, we use disposables wherever possible. We use a fresh, new pair of gloves for every patient that is disposed immediately after the treatment is completed. In addition, we use disposable masks, suction tips and paper cups. All local anaesthetic is given from sealed syringes that are opened in front of the patient and disposed immediately after treatment.